Sabah dan Sarawak adalah BERSTATUS NEGARA dan bukannya Negeri.

Sabah dan Sarawak adalah sebuah Negara yang MERDEKA DAN BERDAULAT yang mana kedua - dua NEGARA ini telah bersama-sama dengan Singapura dan Malaya untuk membentuk Persekutuan Malaysia pada 16 September 1963.

Happy Sabah (North Borneo) Independence Day 51 Years

Sabah or previously known as North Borneo was gained Independence Day from British on August 31, 1963. To all Sabahan, do celebrate Sabah Merdeka Day with all of your heart!

Sarawak For Sarawakian!

Sarawak stand for Sarawak! Sarawakian First. Second malaysian!

The Unity of Sabah and Sarawak

Sabah dan Sarawak adalah Negara yang Merdeka dan Berdaulat. Negara Sabah telah mencapai kemerdekaan pada 31 Ogos 1963 manakala Negara Sarawak pada 22 Julai 1963. Sabah dan Sarawak BUKAN negeri dalam Malaysia! Dan Malaysia bukan Malaya tapi adalah Persekutuan oleh tiga buah negara setelah Singapura dikeluarkan daripada persekutuan Malaysia.

Sign Petition to collect 300,000 signatures

To all Sabahan and Sarawakian... We urge you to sign the petition so that we can bring this petition to United Nations to claim our rights back as an Independence and Sovereign Country for we are the Nations that live with DIGNITY!

Decedent of Rajah Charles Brooke

Jason Desmond Anthony Brooke. The Grandson of Rajah Muda Anthony Brooke, and Great Great Grandson of Rajah Charles Brooke

A true Independence is a MUST in Borneo For Sabah and Sarawak.

Sabah (formerly known as North Borneo) and Sarawak MUST gain back its Freedom through a REAL Independence.

Friday, 19 September 2014

SEJARAH SARAWAK RANGERS (1862 – 1963 )

Pesuruhjaya British di Malaya iaitu Sir Gerald Templer pernah menggelar pasukan Sarawak Ranger sebagai Pasukan Terbaik Di Dunia dan untuk mana-mana pasukan tentera yang pernah berkhidmat sewaktu zaman darurat di Persekutuan Tanah Melayu suatu waktu dahulu memanggil mereka “The Sarawak Headhunter”. Ketika Presiden Sukarno, presiden Indonesia suatu ketika dahulu pernah berkata di dalam satu ucapannya ” Tentera Iban ini datangnya tidak diundang, saat pergi semua bala tenteraku hilang nyawa. Ramai yang bercerai dari badan dan kepala. Mereka sungguh pantas hinggakan tidak terlihat oleh mata manusia”. Inilah antara kata-kata yang pernah merujuk kepada Sarawak Rangers iaitu satu pasukan separa tentera yang begitu gah dengan kepakaran mereka menjejaki musuh serta keberanian mereka yang tiada tolok bandingnya sehinggakan Sarawak Rangers dulu, kini dan selamanya tetap menjadi kebanggaan Bangsa Sarawak. Pasukan yang terkenal dengan moto “Agik Idup Agik Ngelaban” inilah yang akan menjadi artikel informasi sejarah untuk pembaca Borneo Oracle sekalian yang diberikan tajuk Sejarah Sarawak Ranger (1862-1963).

Sarawak Rangers merupakan satu pasukan separa tentera yang telah dibentuk oleh Rajah Charles Brooke iaitu Rajah kedua Negara Sarawak pada Oktober 1862. Pada awal penubuhannya pasukan separa tentera ini telah dianggotai oleh anak tempatan Sarawak berbangsa Iban seramai 32 orang. Mereka telah dipilih hasil daripada pemuafakatan Rajah Charles Brooke dengan tuai-tuai rumah etnik Iban yang menyokong kepimpinan keluarga Dinasti Brooke di Negara Sarawak pada ketika itu. Pemilihan 32 orang ini bukanlah hanya sekadar tangkap muat tetapi etnik Iban 32 orang ini merupakan antara pahlawan etnik Iban yang gagah perkasa serta terkenal dengan selok belok berperang yang mewakili kawasan masing-masing. 

Jadi apabila ada diantara pahlawan Iban yang sememangnya pandai di dalam taktik berperang ini mendapat kepakaran dan sentuhan daripada mereka yang berpengalaman di arena perang moden yang dibawakan khas daripada Negara Eropah maka mereka telah menghasilkan satu pasukan yang mantap. Pada ketika inilah, Rajah Charles Brooke telah menggunakan Sarawak Rangers di dalam perang-perang untuk meluaskan empayar jajahan Negara Sarawak pada ketika itu bagi melawan mana-mana mereka yang menentang pemerintahan Brooke di bumi Sarawak suatu ketika dahulu. Sekitar tahun 1930an iaitu ketika dunia menghadapi kemelesetan ekonomi yang teruk pada waktu itu, Sarawak Rangers juga mendapat tempias yang sama apabila pada 29 Februari 1932, Sarawak Ranger telah dibubarkan secara rasmi dan akibat pembubaran itu ada di kalangan Sarawak Rangers telah kembali ke kampong halaman masing-masing dan ada juga telah dengan rela hati diserapkan menjadi pasukan Polis Negara Sarawak. Pada ketika itu, Negara Sarawak telah stabil dan banyak keringat mereka dituntut untuk menjaga keamanan di bumi Sarawak pada masa itu.

Ketika Negara Sarawak di dalam persediaan untuk menghadapi Perang Dunia Kedua, sekali lagi Sarawak Rangers telah dipanggil untuk berbakti dengan Negara Sarawak. Pada ketika itu Rajah Charles Vyner Brooke telah membentuk Sarawak Rangers kembali bagi tujuan pertahanan dan mereka telah terlibat secara langsung di dalam mempertahankan Lutong, Miri dan Kuching sewaktu pencerobohan tentera Jepun pada Disember 1941. Ini terbukti apabila Sarawak Rangers adalah pertahanan terakhir sewaktu pertempuran terakhir di Kuching yang mana memaksa Sarawak Rangers untuk berundur ke kampong halaman masing-masing kerana kekuatan tentera Jepun sewaktu itu sememangnya begitu kuat sekali. 

Seperti kata pepatah lama biar putih tulang jangan putih mata, biarpun mereka telah berundur dan memberikan kemenangan kepada tentera Jepun namun begitu semangat anggota Sarawak Rangers mempertahankan bumi Sarawak tetap sentiasa ada di sanubari mereka dan akhirnya mereka bergabung dengan Major Tom Harisson iaitu seorang anggota tentera Tentera Komanwel daripada Australia yang melancarkan serangan gerila yang dikenali sebagai Pasukan “Z”. Kerana kepandaian dan kepakaran daripada Sarawak Rangers ini ramai tentera Jepun yang telah dibunuh oleh mereka. Setelah Jepun menyerah kalah akibat daripada pengeboman Hiroshima dan Nagasaki, pasukan Sarawak Rangers telah sekali lagi pulang ke kampong halaman mereka untuk kembali ke penghidupan normal mereka sebagai anak Sarawak.

Di ketika Malaya menghadapi serangan pengganas komunis iaitu pada tahun 1948 yang lebih dikenali sebagai zaman darurat komunis, sekali lagi pahlawan-pahlawan iban ini dituntut kepakaran mereka untuk membantu Malaya pada ketika itu oleh Kerajaan British Borneo Sarawak. Pada masa ini 49 penjejak Iban telah dihantar ke Malaya untuk membantu anggota pasukan tentera komanwel menangani pengganas komunis pada waktu itu. Kepakaran mereka menjejaki musuh di dalam hutan sememangnya tiada tolok bandingannya. 

Sepatutnya mengikut perjanjian 49 penjejak Iban ini hanya bertugas di Malaya selama 3 bulan dan selepas 3 bulan ada diantara mereka telah dengan rela hati untuk meneruskan perkhidmatan mereka di bumi Malaya pada waktu itu. Daripada 49 orang hanya 24 orang yang memilih untuk meneruskan perkhidmatan mereka dan 24 orang inilah yang diserapkan di dalam Pasukan Ferret No. 4 yang juga dianggotai oleh pasukan tentera Gurkha dan tentera Force 136. Selepas itu penjejak Iban ini telah datang silih berganti ke bumi Malaya dan dicatatkan sehingga tahun 1952 telah lebih 1,168 penjejak Iban yang berkhidmat sebagai Penjejak Iban Sarawak di bumi Malaya.

Mungkin ramai yang tidak mengetahui sejarah ini iaitu penjejak Iban Sarawak yang kali pertama gugur di dalam perkhidmatan mereka di Malaya hanya berlaku pada 12 Mac 1951 iaitu Mendiang Jaweng anak Jugah yang berasal dari Kapit, Sarawak. Mendiang terkorban kerana ditembak secara tidak sengaja ketika melakukan serang hendap ke atas pengganas komunis. Pada ketika itu mendiang tersilap dikatakan sebagai salah seorang pengganas komunis. Bayangkan setelah beberapa tahun berkhidmat di bumi Malaya hanya pada tahun 1951 baru ada penjejak Iban yang terkorban di dalam perang. Inilah salah satu keisitimewaan penjejak Iban Sarawak Rangers yang sememangnya begitu pakar di taktik perang serang hendap. Selain itu tercatat satu lagi sejarah di dalam memartabatkan penglibatan penjejak Iban Sarawak Rangers di dalam perang di Malaya apabila Awang anak Rawing, anak iban dari Skrang telah dianugerahkan dengan Pingat George Cross manakala Menggong anak Panggit menerima Pingat George daripada Kerajaan Mahkota Great Britain atas keberaniannya menyelamatkan pasukan masing-masing sewaktu keganasan komunis berleluasa di bumi Malaya ketika itu. 

Biarpun penjejak Iban Sarawak ini merupakan mereka yang bertugas dengan tentera namun begitu mereka masih lagi tidak mendapat pengiktirafan sebagai anggota tentera sepenuhnya jadi bagi menjaga kebajikan mereka pada dari segi hak dan status setelah permuafakatan antara Kerajaan British Borneo Sarawak, pemimpin masyarakat Iban dan Kerajaan Koloni British maka pada tangga1 1 Januari 1953, Sarawak Rangers Unit Tanah Melayu telah ditubuhkan secara rasmi dengan pegawai pemerintahnya yang pertama adalah Leftenan Kolonel C.J Baird. Bermula dari tarikh hari itu, barulah Sarawak Rangers dengan rasminya menjadi anggota tentera sepenuhnya. Pada 1 April 1960, Sarawak Rangers Unit Sarawak, Borneo telah ditubuhkan secara rasminya di bumi Sarawak oleh Kerajaan British Borneo Sarawak dengan pegawai pemerintahnya merupakan anak tempatan yang juga salah seorang penjejak Iban Sarawak Rangers iaitu Leftenan Tomlow anak Isa. Ini merupakan satu penghormatan yang besar kepada perjuangan anak Iban di dalam Sarawak Rangers memandangkan ketika itu Sarawak masih lagi menjadi tanah jajahan Kerajaan British Borneo.

Sarawak Rangers keberanian dan kepakaran mereka dituntut di dalam banyak perang-perang di bumi asing contohnya di Malaya dan Brunei malah Sarawak sendiri walaupun ketika itu Sarawak belum lagi membentuk Gagasan Malaysia. Ada antara penjejak Iban Sarawak Rangers ini telah gugur di medan perang di bumi asing dan telah disemadikan dibumi asing suatu ketika dahulu dan hanya pada tahun 2011, 21 jenazah penjejak Iban telah dibawa pulang ke tanahair tercinta mereka iaitu Sarawak Bumi Kenyalang. Antara penglibatan perang mereka adalah seperti berikut:

1. Kempen mengamankan Sarawak era Rajah Brooke.(1862 – 1942)
2. Perang Gerila Jepun bersama ‘Reconnaissance Service Department’ (RSD) di Sarawak. (1942–1945)
3. Darurat Malaya. (1948 – 1960)
4. Darurat Sarawak (1952 – 1953)
5. Pemberontakan Brunei (1962)
6. Konfrantasi Indonesia Malaysia (1962 – 1963)

Di dalam perjanjian Penubuhan Malaysia, pihak Kerajaan British telah bersetuju untuk menubuhkan 2 buah batalian Askar Renjer Malaysia dan seterusnya melatih anggota-anggota tentera di peringkat awal dan seterusnya diikuti dengan penubuhan battalion ketiga. Penubuhan Askar Renjer Malaysia telah diumumkan di Parlimen British (House of Commons) oleh Secretary of State for Commonwealth Affairs pada 18hb Julai 1963. Hanya beberapa hari sebelum Sarawak dimerdeka secara rasminya iaitu pada 22hb Julai 1963. Ekoran daripada itu, Sarawak Rangers telah dibubarkan secara rasminya dan kemudian pada 16 September 1963, anggota Sarawak Rangers telah diserapkan menjadi Batalion Pertama Regimen Renjer Malaysia. Batalion Kedua Regimen Renjer Malaysia terdiri daripada anak tempatan North Borneo (Sabah) dan Batalion Ketiga Regimen Renjer Malaysia merupakan anak tempatan Tanah Melayu.

Inilah sejarah panjang Sarawak Rangers dari tahun 1862 – 1963 yang kemudiannya dikenali sebagai Regimen Renjer Malaysia setelah penubuhan Gagasan Malaysia pada 16 September 1963. Sarawak Rangers merupakan simbol kemegahan bangsa Sarawak dulu, kini dan selamanya dan sejarah tentang mereka seharusnya diketahui secara umum oleh rakyat Malaysia amnya dan Bangsa Sarawak khususnya. Jasa mereka bukan sahaja untuk Sarawak ibu pertiwi mereka malah jasa mereka juga turut disumbangkan di dalam memastikan kemerdekaan dan keamanan untuk bumi Malaya suatu waktu dahulu malah sehingga sekarang. Jasa mereka dilupa jangan oleh seluruh rakyat Malaysia.

Selamat Hari Kemerdekaan Yang ke 57 Persekutuan Tanah Melayu (31 Ogos 1957 - 31 Ogos 2014) 
Selamat Hari Kemerdekaan Yang ke 51 Sabah (31 Ogos 1963 - 31 Ogos 2014)

Agik Idup Agik Ngelaban.

Borneo Oracle Salute Sarawak Rangers (1862-1963)

Source: Borneo Oracle

“WANITA BESI” DISEBALIK GERAKAN ANTI CESSIONIST SARAWAK 1946

Semangat anti penyerahan Sarawak 1946 (Anti Cession 1946) merupakan antara satu peristiwa yang pernah terjadi di bumi Sarawak suatu waktu dahulu. Dan peristiwa ini telah benar-benar membuatkan pihak Koloni British ‘pusing kepala’ kerana ternyata ianya benar-benar menggugat kedudukan mereka di bumi Sarawak pada waktu itu. Melalui sejarah lepas kita ketahui bahawa pelbagai cara telah dilakukan oleh pihak Koloni British yang dikenali dengan nama Kerajaan British Borneo bagi mematahkan semangat kesepaduan yang ditunjukkan oleh Bangsa Sarawak pada masa itu. Untuk artikel kali ini Borneo Oracle akan memaparkan sejarah pengorbanan wanita-wanita bangsa Sarawak yang juga telah bangun membantah Sarawak diserahkan kepada Koloni British. Sejarah tentang pengorbanan ‘wanita-wanita besi’ sememangnya tidak didendangkan langsung bagi pengetahuan kita semua. Sebagai menjunjung apa yang dipanggil bulan kemerdekaan ini maka artikel kali ini diberikan tajuk “Wanita Besi” Disebalik Gerakan Anti Cessionist Sarawak 1946. 

Seperti yang sering kita lihat di dalam gambar-gambar bersejarah tentang gerakan anti-cessionist 1946 kita akan melihat barisan wanita-wanita bangsa Sarawak yang bersama-sama mengadakan demonstrasi membantah penyerahan Sarawak suatu waktu dahulu dan siapakah mereka ini sudah tentu ramai yang tidak mengetahuinya. Kesemua wanita-wanita itu adalah ahli Kesatuan Kaum Ibu yang diasaskan pada 16hb Mac 1947. Walaupun diketika itu boleh dikatakan ramai wanita-wanita Sarawak masih kurang berpendidikan tetapi itu bukan suatu yang boleh menjadi halangan di dalam menerapkan nilai-nilai patriotisma di sanubari mereka. Inilah salah satu factor yang memeningkan pentadbiran Koloni British pada waktu itu. Bantahan bukan sahaja datangnya dari bantahan bangsa Sarawak yang berjantina lelaki malah juga yang wanita yang mengikut perumpamaan orang dulu-dulu hanya suri-suri dapur semata-mata. Nama-nama seperti Cikgu Lily Eberwein, Datuk Ajibah Abol, Cikgu Sharifah Sipah, Puan Duri bte Dull adalah antara nama-nama pengasas Kaum Ibu Sarawak yang sudah tentu jarang-jarang didengar oleh kita sebagai generasi bangsa Sarawak sekarang. Inilah nama-nama besar Kaum Ibu yang sanggup melakukan apa sahaja bagi tanahair tercinta bergelar Negara Sarawak pada ketika itu. 

Tanggal 16hb Mac 1947, Kesatuan Kaum Ibu ditubuhkan dan penubuhannya mendapat sokongan sepenuhnya daripada ibu-ibu di Sarawak ketika itu dan keahlian mereka yang seramai 1000 orang di dominasi oleh bekas tenaga pengajar wanita yang telah turut sama meletakkan jawatan bagi membantah Circular 9/46 yang diusulkan oleh pihak pentadbiran Kerajaan Koloni British pada waktu itu. Kebanyakan daripada ahli-ahli Kesatuan Kaum Ibu ramai dianggotai oleh wanita-wanita daripada Kuching dan Sibu. Pengerusi Kaum Ibu pada waktu itu adalah Cikgu Lily Eberwein, seorang Guru Besar di Permaisuri Malay’s School. Allahyarhamah merupakan seorang wanita berbangsa Eurasian hasil perkahwinan Melayu Sarawak dan seorang penjawat awam Kerajaan Brooke. Allahyarhamah merupakan bonda kepada mantan menteri kabinet Sarawak iaitu Datuk Habsah Harun. Wanita besi kedua adalah Setiausaha kepada Kesatuan Kaum Ibu iaitu Datuk Ajibah Abol. Allahyarhamah Datuk Ajibah Abol merupakan seorang guru dan rakan sekerja kepada Allahyarhamah Lily Eberwein di Permaisuri Malay’s School. Datuk Ajibah Abol merupakan mantan menteri wanita pertama di dalam Kabinet Sarawak suatu waktu dahulu (1973 – 1976) Mereka berdualah yang telah menjadi wakil kepada Kesatuan Kaum Ibu di dalam setiap mesyuarat Anti Cessionist yang dikelolakan oleh Datuk Patinggi Ali di rumahnya “Darul Kurnia”. Di setiap mesyuarat inilah mereka bersama-sama mengatur strategi tindakan dan aksi Gerakan Anti Penyerahan 1946. 

Komuniti pengelola Anti Penyerahan Sarawak mengetahui bahawa kejayaan gerakan anti penyerahan tidak hanya boleh diadakan di kawasan Bandar-bandar sahaja malah ianya harus disemarakkan di seluruh ceruk rantau bumi Sarawak pada waktu itu. Maka tugas itu telah dipikul oleh Kesatuan Kaum Ibu yang telah secara relahati memikul tugas berat ini. Mungkin ramai tidak mengetahui bahawa di ketika itu hampir majority daripada mereka yang berada di dalam Gerakan Anti Penyerahan tidak mempunyai sumber pendapatan lagi kerana mereka telah meletak jawatan kerana membantah circular 9/46. Kerana inginkan gerakan membantah ini menjadi satu kenyataan, maka tampillah Kesatuan Kaum Ibu yang telah sanggup mengorbankan segala wang ringgit malah bergolok bergadai dengan barang kemas mereka bagi menampung perbelanjaan untuk ke kawasan pendalaman di Sarawak. Bermulalah episode sessi penerangan dan sokongan terhadap Anti Penyerahan Sarawak 1946 di rumah-rumah panjang dan kampong-kampung terpencil di seluruh Sarawak. Wanita-wanita besi ini telah mempertaruhkan nyawa mereka samada dengan berjalan kaki melalui perjalanan darat dan juga menggunakan perahu untuk kawasan kampong yang terpencil. Hasilnya ramai wanita-wanita dari pelbagai lapisan di rumah-rumah panjang dan kampong-kampung tanpa mengira bangsa dan budaya mahupun agama bersama-sama menyokong Gerakan Anti Penyerahan 1946. Inilah pengorbanan besar wanita-wanita besi ini di sebalik Gerakan Anti Penyerahan 1946 suatu waktu dahulu. 

Kejayaan demonstrasi besar-besaran Anti Penyerahan 1946 yang disertai oleh wanita-wanita bangsa Sarawak dengan membawa sepanduk serta meletakkan sepanduk serta mengibarkan bendera Negara Sarawak suatu waktu dahulu adalah hasil kesedaran dan pengorbanan yang dilakukan oleh wanita-wanita besi ini. Sejarahnya TIDAK DIDENDANGKAN LANGSUNG di dalam mana-mana genre teks sejarah Sarawak apatah lagi Malaysia namun perjuangan mereka di dalam memartabatkan kaum wanita di zaman itu dilupa jangan oleh kita sebagai bangsa Sarawak. Semoga pengorbanan mereka atas nama perjuangan untuk tanahair tercinta Sarawak akan menjadi pemangkin kepada keunggulan kaum wanita Sarawak sekarang. Bersama-samalah kita berdoa agar roh-roh mereka ditempatkan di kalangan mereka yang beriman. Alfatihah. Amin. 

TANGAN YANG MENGHAYUN BUAIAN ITU BOLEH MENGGONCANGKAN DUNIA! 

Source: Borneo Oracle

Isma: Terlajak kata, badan binasa

Warga Sabah Sarawak berpendapat Isma hilang fokus

KUCHING: Ikatan Muslimin Malaysia (Isma) digesa supaya tidak terlajak kata dalam membicarakan sebarang isu tanpa memikir kesannya ke atas warga Sabah dan Sarawak.

Presiden Isma, Abdullah Zaik Abd Rahman telah mempertahankan pendirian beliau dan menuduh FMT memutar belit kenyataan beliau.

Kenyataan beliau ditemplak oleh warga Sabah Sarawak yang merasakan mereka dibodohkan dengan kenyataan Isma. Tinjauan FMT melalui Facebook mendapati warga Sabah Sarawak menyifatkan Isma sudah terlajak kata.

“Apa yang ada dalam hati, akan keluar melalui mulut, kenyataan sudah dibuat, ‘jika tidak suka Malaysia, keluar!’ dengan isu Allah. Sabah Sarawak sememangnya tidak suka.. Sebab ia adalah satu diskriminasi agama yang ketara di Malaysia.. Dan lebih malang lagi, pemimpin Malaysia dari Umno masih mendiamkan diri?,” ujar Suzie Kulleh

Jordan David James, pula berkata: “Eh, takut? Hari itu bukann main lagi suruh orang berhijrah.. Bila orang nak, siap nak angkut Borneo sekali.. Kenyataan keluar, beliau menjawab semula kenyataa beliau kena putar belit?”

Sementara itu, Lily Bans berpendapat: “Saya tak nak terus berada dalam Malaysia, siapa yang nak tinggal berkelompok dengan orang yang perasan hebat?”

Sebelum ini, Abdullah Zaik dalam www.ismaweb.net telah menggesa orang Islam sedar bahawa perjuangan mendaulatkan Islam belum berakhir.

Beliau juga lupa bahawa warga Sabah Sarawak majoritinya bukan Islam malah pada masa yang sama mempelawa orang Kristian Sabah dan Sarawak berpindah ke mana-mana negara kalau sudah lagi tidak lagi boleh menerima kedaulatan Islam dan Raja.

Warga Sabah dan Sarawak sudah penat dengan permainan politik Malaysia.

`Kami tak boleh terima’

“Sabah dan Sarawak adalah tanah air dan tanah kelahiran kami. Bagaimana mahu menjelaskan jika kami nyatakan bahawa kami tidak boleh menerima apa yang kamu lakukan.

“Perlukah kami berpindah ke negara yang bukan tempat asal kami. Kami orang Borneo. Maka langkah terbaik memindahkan orang Borneo yang tidak boleh terima ini adalah ‘Keluar Malaysia’. Win2 situation. Objektif kamu tercapai, kami terbebas.” ujar Petpredos Fredo

Sementara itu, Michael D’Great menjelaskan bahawa: “Kita dah lama duduk dalam Malaysia. Taat kepada Raja dan negara serta menghormati Islam sebagai agama rasmi negara.

“Tetapi kenapa gubal undang undang mengharam kami menyeru Allah, sedangkan perkataan itu berasal dari perkataan Arab dan di kongsi bersama. Cakap Melayu keliru…pernahkah ada orang Kristian bawa mana mana Melayu ke gereja?

“Pernah Kristian bentangkan Injil depan mana mana Melayu untuk dibaca. Bukan ke ini satu penghinaan biarpun kami dah menghormati Islam.Sedang Emiriyah Arab Bersatu sendiri mengeluarkan kenyataan, kekesalan tindakan mahkamah rayuan,” tambahnya.

Keluar dari M’sia: Pelawaan Isma disambut baik

Pelawaan Isma disambut baik oleh rata-rata penduduk Sabah dan Sarawak yang ingin menyatakan hasrat untuk keluar dari Persekutuan Malaysia.

KUCHING: Ikatan Muslimin Malaysia (Isma) telah menyeru masyarakat Kristian Malaysia untuk menerima keputusan Mahkamah Rayuan mengharamkan penggunaan perkataan ‘Allah’ oleh mingguan Katolik The Herald.

Katanya, mereka sentiasa boleh mempertimbangkan berhijrah jika tidak berpuas hati dengan keputusan tersebut.

Pelawaan Isma disambut baik oleh rata-rata penduduk Sabah dan Sarawak yang ingin menyatakan hasrat untuk keluar dari Persekutuan Malaysia yang diluahkan dalam Facebook mereka.

“Itu yang sebaiknya. Keluarkan Sabah dan Sarawak dari Malaysia. Suruh Isma buat kertas cadangan. Hantar kepada Perdana Menteri, Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak,” kata Harry Nelson J. Seliang.

Daniel Aishiteru pula berkata,”Malaysia- bawah Thailand, atas Singapura manakala Sabah & Sarawak dalam pulau Borneo.Jauh panggang dari api bah….memang kita layak keluar. Jangan tunggu lagi…”

“Peluang sudah Isma bagi. Sabah Sarawak bantah isu kalimah Allah, keluar Malaysia. Kita tak payah sain sain surat tak susah payah gaduh mulut. Bagus lah idea Isma bagi nih,” ujar Philip Harry Son

Beberapa orang tidak merasakan, Malaysia tidak bermakna sudah bagi mereka.

“Saya di Borneo bukan di Malaya. Saya tidak mahu bah Malaya,” ujar Collin Ontak

Gafpelz Blizt Ridexz pula berkata, “Kita bantah perkauman… Mereka semua nak keluarkan kita jadi teruskan… Lebih cepat lebih bagus.. Tak payah nak peduli bah. .Tolong keluarkan Sabah dan Sarawak dari Malaysia….Kami sedia utk keluar!”

Eva Claude menambah, “Siapa tahu Tuhan sedang bagi jalan sama Sabah Sarawak keluar Malaysia,”

Presiden Isma Abdullah Zaik Abd Rahman  (gambar) berkata, sebagai rakyat Malaysia, orang Kristian mesti menerima ketuanan Islam di negara ini.

“Mereka boleh memilih untuk bergerak ke mana-mana negara lain jika mereka tidak dapat menerima ketuanan Islam dan royalti yang melindungi ketuanan agama,” ujar Abdullah Zaik Abd Rahman dalam satu kenyataan kelmarin.

Sebelum ini Najib telah menandatangani sepuluh perkara di mana membenarkan penduduk Kristian menggunakan kalimah ‘Allah’ dalam Alkitab (Bible) bahasa Indonesia, Malaysia serta bahasa pribumi Iban, Kadazan Dusun dan Lun Bawang

KAJIAN SEMULA PERLEMBAGAAN MALAYSIA

Tuan Haji Johari Arief bertanya kepada Ketua Menteri adakah sebarang kajian semula dibuat ke atas Perlembagaan Malaysia selepas tempoh 10 tahun sebagaimana yang diperuntukkan dalam Lapuran Jawatan Kuasa Antara Kerajaan (I.G.C. Report) dan jika ada, apakah hasilnya.

Ketua Menteri: Adalah tepat sekali sebagaimana dinyatakan oleh Ahli Yang Berhormat bahawa beberapa peruntukan Lapuran Jawatankuasa Antara Kerajaan (I.G.C) adalah tertakluk kepada penyemakan semula selepas 10 tahun pembentukan Malaysia dalam bulan September, 1963.

Sebenarnya sebuah Jawatankuasa Kabinet dengan dipengerusikan oleh Yang Amat Berhormat Timbalan Perdana Menteri telah ditubuhkan untuk mengkaji perkara ini. Jawatankuasa peringkat Menteri bermesyuarat pada 10hb Januari, 1974. Saya sendiri hadi dimesyuarat itu bersama-sama menteri Negeri. Mesyuarat itu, antara lain bersetuju, bahawa sebuah Jawatankuasa Antara Kerajaan Peringkat Pegawai dengan dipengerusikan oleh Ketua Setiausaha Negara hendaklah ditubuhkan untuk mengkaji berbagai aspek peruntuk Lapuran I.G.C 1962 dan memperakukan apa jua perubahan yang perlu kepada Jawatankuasa peringkat Menteri, jika difikirkan patut.

Pegawai-pegawai LG.C. terdiri dari wakil-wakil dari Sabah, Sarawak dan Kerajaan Persekutuan bermesyuarat tiga kali di Kuala Lumpur dan telah pun membentangkan satu lapuran kepada Jawatankuasa peringkat menteri untuk dipertimbangkan. Jawatankuasa peringkat Menteri telah bermesyuarat pada 4hb Disember 1975 untuk mengkaji dan membincangkan Lapuran tersebut. Hasil mesyuarat itu akan diumumkan oleh ketiga-tiga Kerajaan tidak lama lagi.

29 Disember 1975

***Sehingga kini, hasil mesyuarat tersebut tidak dibentangkan. Kini, apabila perkara ini dibawakan di DUN Sabah oleh YB.Datuk Dr.Jeffrey G.Kitingan, musa selaku Ketua Menteri Sabah yang dipilih oleh umno telah menjawab kepadanya dengan jawapan ini "Review, review, review... Apa yang mahu di review? Tidak ada dalam provision ini yang mengatakan ia perlu di review..." Sekarang anda faham dan keadaan ini? Apabila seorang pengkhianat yang tidak mengetahui sejarah dan menjadi pemimpin, inilah jawapan yang diberikan. Mereka tidak mahu mengkaji atau memberi peluang untuk perkara ini dibincangkan di DUN. Semua pemimpin bn-umno telah bersatu hati untuk tidak mahu perkara ini didebatkan kerana mereka tahu terdapat terlalu banyak kelemahan dan umpamanya menghancurkan parti mereka iaitu bn-umno.***

Kerajaan Persekutuan mencuri hasil Sabah

Mereka sanggup mereka cerita dan memujuk pemimpin Sabah untuk menerima bayaran tunai sebanyak 5 peratus.

KOTA KINABALU: Pemimpin Malaysia tidak mempunyai asas undang-undang untuk menyatakan bahawa sumber minyak yang terletak di luar pantai Sabah adalah milik kerajaan persekutuan.

Menurut Ketua STAR Sabah, Datuk Dr Jeffrey Kitingan, pendedahan Tan Sri Majid Khan bahawa minyak hanya terdapat di pantai milik Sabah jelas membuktikan bahawa pemimpin persekutuan dari Malaya “mencuri” minyak dan sumber gas Sabah.

Katanya,mereka sanggup mereka cerita dan memujuk pemimpin Sabah untuk menerima bayaran tunai sebanyak 5 peratus.

“Apabila Tun Datu Mustapha dan Tun Fuad Stephens  (gambar) enggan menandatangani perjanjian dengan Petronas maka kosnpirasi dibuat supaya berlakunya kemalangan kapalterbang yang dinaiki Fuad pada petang 6 Jun 1976,” dakwa beliau sebagai mengulas cerita terpendam yang dibentangkan oleh Majid Khan pada forum baru-baru ini “The Formation of Malaysia – The Untold Story” yang dianjurkan oleh Persatuan Sabah.

Majid turut menambah bahawa apa yang dikatakan benar atau sah adalah perkara yang lain dan ia terpulang kepada rakyat Sabah hadir untuk membawa perkara itu ke mahkamah untuk menentukan kesahihan itu.

Perlembagaan Persekutuan 1963 memperuntukkan bahawa wilayah Sabah sebagai wilayah yang terkandung di dalamnya sebaik sebelum Hari Malaysia pada 16 September 1963 merupakan sempadan antarabangsa 1954.

Petronas telah ditubuhkan pada tahun 1974, empat daripada 19 telaga minyak di Sabah dan Sarawak sudah mengeluarkan kira-kira 99,000 tong sehari.

Sumber petroleum di Sabah termasuk pelesenan dan pungutan royalti sebagai hasil Sabah datang dalam lingkungan Seksyen 24 Ordinan Tanah Sabah (Bab 68) yang telah diluluskan pada tahun 1930, dahulu sebelum pembentukan Malaysia.

Di bawah Perkara 74 Perlembagaan Persekutuan, perkara-perkara tanah yang termasuk sumber petroleum datang dalam kuasa Senarai Negeri dalam Jadual 9. Permit dan lesen untuk mencari gali untuk lombong, pajakan perlombongan dan sijil juga datang dalam lingkungan Senarai Negeri dalam Jadual 9.

Dr Jeffrey menegaskan bahawa Parlimen Malaysia tidak mempunyai hak menggubal undang-undang perniagaan Akta Pembangunan Petroleum (PDA) 1974 apabila perkara-perkara yang datang dalam lingkungan Senarai Negeri dalam Jadual 9.

“PDA adalah undang-undang perlembagaan tidak bernilai, namun, ia masih digunakan untuk menyedut kira 95% daripada minyak Sabah dan sumber gas sehingga hari ini tanpa bantahan daripada pemimpin-pemimpin BN Sabah,” katanya.

Katanya lagi, Allahyarham Tun Razak tidak mempunyai kuasa undang-undang dan tidak mempunyai bidang kuasa ke atas minyak dan gas di Sabah apabila beliau secara tidak sah dan menyalahi undang-undang yang ditandatangani Perintah Letak Hak pada 27 Mac 1975 pemberian minyak Sabah dan sumber gas kepada Petronas.

“Kehilangan royalti akan menjadi antara 12% hingga 30% jika angka yang diberikan oleh Tengku Razaleigh sebagai kayu pengukur untuk pergi. Royalti 30% kepada RM18 bilion yang dikutip oleh Petronas keseluruhan kepada kerajaan Sabah merupakan tambahan RM5.4 bilion dalam pendapatan tambahan pada tahun 2012 kepada RM3.7 bilion hasil bajet negeri dikumpulkan dalam negara.” tegas beliau.

Tambahnya lagi, seperti yang dinasihatkan oleh Majid, hari ini bola kini berada di kaki rakyat Sabah untuk mengambil isu pemilikan dan perkongsian hasil minyak Sabah dan sumber gas.

“Pemimpin BN Sabah tidak boleh diharapkan untuk meneruskan perkara itu terutama apabila Ketua Menteri telah memberikan petunjuk kepada pemimpin-pemimpin yang lain untuk berdiam diri apabila beliau berkata bahawa tidak ada semakan segera pembayaran minyak dari Petronas,” dakwanya lagi.

Sabah, Sarawak need attention

Developmental disparity should not be the reason for breaking apart the beautiful dreams of past leaders.

KUCHING: Deputy Home Minister Wan Junaidi Tuanku Jaafar, a Sarawakian, concedes that Sabah and his homeland can be on their own.

However he also cautioned that standing on their own two feet would not only be a Herculean task but that development would be slower than usual. He said this meant that “both states would lose if they seceded from Malaysia”.

He cited Sarawak’s 2,100 km of porous border and 1,500 km of coastline that he said needed defending and protecting, adding that this alone called for the introduction of army, navy and maritime forces as well as other security forces.

Allaying fears that he sympathised with the “separatists” now under the watch of his ministry, Wan Junaidi instead called on federal ministers and officials to stop paying lip service to Sabah and Sarawak on developmental issues.

“I disagree with the separatist movement not because I am in government,” explained Wan Junaidi in his Malaysia Day message. “I have seen many such movements in the world that ended in disarray. We must learn from the mistakes of others.”

“We are better off sticking with a bigger federation than existing as small independent entities.”

He urged Sabahans and Sarawakians not to get carried away by the rhetoric of the “separatists”.

He singled out UK-based activist Doris Jones, who runs the Sabah Sarawak Keluar Malaysia (SSKM) FaceBook Group, as a “disgruntled politician” despite her denials.

“If she’s angry and dissatisfied, she’s a disgruntled politician,” he reiterated. “If not, she will soon be.”

He appealed to people in Borneo to remember what their founding fathers had hoped for when Sabah and Sarawak were included in the federation with the peninsula and Singapore.

“The federation of Malaysia is a reality although to fulfil our forefathers’ aspirations may be a difficult task,” said Wan Junaidi. “Developmental disparity where some parts of the nation are left behind should not be the reason for breaking apart the beautiful dreams of our past leaders.”

“We must continue to believe and struggle for fairer treatment until we succeed.”

He called upon elected representatives in Sabah and Sarawak to play their role as well and “fight for development in Borneo to be on par with that in the peninsula”.

They have to ensure that the federal ministers and officials do real work with fairness and consideration to address the developmental imbalance between Borneo and the peninsula, he added.

IGP warns secession advocates

He advises the parties concerned to stop harping on sensitive issues.

KUALA LUMPUR: The Inspector-General of Police (IGP) Khalid Abu Bakar today warned that the police will not hesitate to take action against any parties pushing for the secession of Sabah and Sarawak from Malaysia.

He said these parties were challenging the Constitution.

“They openly campaign and support this agenda, claiming that the Malaysia Agreement signed in 1963 was not being respected and the rights of the Sabah and Sarawak people are being marginalised,” he said in a statement here today.

He advised the parties concerned to stop harping on sensitive issues.

Last Tuesday, Sarawak Chief Minister Adenan Satem described the proposal to secede Sabah and Sarawak from Malaysia as a foolish idea. – Bernama

Seceding from Malaysia akin to playing a ‘dangerous game’

KOTA KINABALU, Sept 19, 2014: With security threats, including kidnappings and the Lahad Datu intrusion already plaguing Sabah, the situation is likely to get worse if Sabah leaves Malaysia.

In claiming so, Rural and Regional Development minister Datuk Seri Mohd Shafie Apdal said seceding from Malaysia was akin to “playing a dangerous game” and a move that would lead to other problems.

“We all know about the claims over Sabah and Sarawak from the neighbouring countries.

“If we do secede from Malaysia, can you imagine the level of threats that will come in?” he said when met at the Kadazan Dusun Murut Malaysia (KDM Malaysia) Football Tournament, here.

The Umno vice-president said there were some irresponsible few who were singing a different tune, which while it may sound nice, people should look at the consequences.

Mohd Shafie said as a Sabahan, he was aware of the sentiment which was borne out of love for Sabah, although there were ways to overcome it.

“So let’s not dance to their tunes, and instead work on a more objective approach which will benefit everyone.”

Of late, there had been calls for some quarters for Sabah to leave the Federation, including by Sabah Sarawak Keluar Malaysia (SSKM) Facebook page.

Apart from Sabah, the page had also urged Sarawak to do the same.

Mohd Shafie had previously stated that seceding from Malaysia would only invite infiltration by foreign forces.

Q&A: What you need to know about Scotland's vote

Yes or No? Scottish voters on Thursday will choose whether to continue their 307-year-old union with England or become a separate nation — the 31st formed since World War II.

If Scotland votes for independence, the United Kingdom (England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland) will lose a third of its territory and 8% of its citizens. Population-wise, that's the equivalent of Texas seceding from the USA.

Here is a rundown on what it's all about – and what's at stake:


Q: Why is this happening now?

A: In 1999, the parliament in London started to transfer some powers to Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. In 2009, Scotland's parliament decided to go a giant step further by pushing for an independence vote. Two years ago, British Prime Minister David Cameron agreed to allow the referendum to take place because the case for independence seemed weak at the time.


Q: What is the argument for voting 'yes'?

A: Supporters of independence want direct control over their affairs. Scots tend to be left-leaning and chafe at the policies embraced by the ruling Conservative Party in London. In the most recent general election, just a single Conservative Party member was elected in Scotland.

Q: What is the argument for voting 'no'?

A: Pro-unity advocates say being part of the United Kingdom gives Scotland a bigger say in world affairs through major alliances such as the European Union and NATO, in which a united nation has more clout. They also say continued union means more jobs, stronger financial services, continued use of the British pound and a tradition of partnership that goes back three centuries.


Q: Who are some big names on Team United Kingdom?

A: President Obama, Pope Francis and Harry Potter author J.K. Rowling. Queen Elizabeth is officially neutral but has urged voters to think about what they are doing.


Q: Who is on Team Scotland?

A: Actors Sean Connery, Brian Cox and Alan Cumming.


Q: Which side will win?

A: It's too close to call. A poll in early September showed support for independence slightly ahead. Since then, most polls have shown the "No" campaign to be ahead by a few percentage points. Social media are also providing clues: From Aug. 1 to Sept. 8, Facebook had more than 10 million referendum-related posts from across the U.K. Interactions around the phrase "Vote Yes" outpaced "Vote No" by 2-to-1.


Q: How concerned are leaders in the U.K. that Scotland will secede?

A: Leaders of the U.K.'s three main political parties have been campaigning at a furious pace in recent weeks to persuade Scots to vote "No." Cameron of the Conservative Party, Liberal Democrat Deputy Prime Minister Nick Clegg and opposition Labor leader Ed Miliband have all been making speeches and attending rallies in Scotland. Cameron wrote in an opinion piece last week in the Daily Mail: "Let no one in Scotland be in any doubt: we desperately want you to stay; we do not want this family of nations to be ripped apart."


Q: Could a vote for independence cost Prime Minister Cameron his job?

A: Cameron has said he "emphatically" will not resign if Scotland votes to leave the U.K. His Conservative Party, which has a general election planned for next year, could start re-evaluating its leadership if Cameron is viewed as the man who lost Scotland. The party stands to gain from independence, however, because the Labor and Liberal Democrat parties have gotten a large part of their support from Scotland in the past.


Q: How would independence affect travel by those who live in Scotland and England?

A: Many families living in the U.K. have relatives who live and work in Scotland and England. Under an independent Scotland, travel between the two could become more difficult and involve border checks, passports and even visas. That scenario is unlikely if Scotland is allowed immediate membership in the EU, which permits free movement across member countries.


Q: What are other likely changes?

A: There are many questions that don't have clear answers. How will the U.K.'s oil wealth be divided up? Will Scotland's social welfare protections be better or worse off? Will there be an exodus of business down south? Will jobs be lost? Unionists and pro-independence backers disagree on the answers. You can read more on these issues here.


Q: How does Scotland's vote affect the USA?

A: The special relationship between the U.K. and USA is unlikely to be altered dramatically. One area that is of major concern for Obama is the U.S. nuclear submarines that are based about 20 miles outside of Glasgow and currently leased to London, forming the backbone of the U.K.'s nuclear deterrent. Scots are against the base being there and may push to move it if independence prevails.


Q: Would an independent Scotland be able to remain in the EU and NATO?

A: European Commission President José Manuel Barroso has not directly addressed an independent Scotland's aspirations to be a member of the 28-nation EU.

He has said only that it would be "extremely difficult" and that EU treaties would not apply to secessionist states. Jean-Claude Juncker, who will soon replace him, has echoed this sentiment, saying that an independent Scotland would need to reapply. An independent Scotland also may be pushed out of NATO. The military alliance has yet to formally say that but has signaled it is likely.


Q: How might financial markets view independence?

A: With some trepidation, at least initially. There are a lot of assets that would need to be divided. The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development has said the prospect of an independent Scotland adds to geopolitical uncertainty that may affect global growth.


Q: Can an independent Scotland still use the pound?

A: Bank of England Gov. Mark Carney says the SNP's desire to keep the U.K.'s central bank and currency as its own is not compatible with sovereignty. SNP leader Salmond has rejected that claim and says the pound belongs as much to Scotland as it does to England. The markets will ultimately pass judgment.


Q: What about the Monarchy (and cute baby George)?

A: Queen Elizabeth II would become Queen of Scots. She is already the formal head of state for the U.K., Canada, Australian and New Zealand. The SNP has said that would be the case for as long as the people of Scotland want to remain a monarchy.


Q: If Scotland votes for independence, when will that actually happen?

A: Scotland's political leaders have proposed independence day to be on March 24, 2016. The interim would allow for the transition to a new state — the need to renegotiate treaties, write a constitution, divide revenue and debts. There's the new flag to consider, too.


Masing tells Putrajaya to understand calls for secession

Sarawak minister Tan Sri Dr James Masing (pic) has thrown a word of caution to the prime minister, who had warned those pushing for the secession of Sarawak and Sabah from Malaysia to prepare to face “the full force of the law”.

Masing said the government should not be too eager to throw activists promoting secession behind bars without first listening to their grouses, which are pushing them towards separation.

“Don't kill the messenger or else we may miss the message," Masing said in response to Datuk Seri Najib Razak’s Malaysia Day speech in Miri on Tuesday night, where he had warned Sabah and Sarawak nationalists to be prepared for action against them.

Masing, a Barisan Nasional heavyweight and president of the second largest BN party in the state, said so far the call for secession by groups in Sarawak and Sabah were only “lots of thunder and lightning but no rain”.

The Parti Rakyat Sarawak (PRS) president said even though their dissatisfaction with Malaysia was currently all talk, it would still be unwise of Najib to treat their unhappiness lightly.

“We must look at the complaints and do our best to remedy them if indeed they are justifiable,” Masing said.

PKR state chief Baru Bian, in his Malaysia Day message, had also sounded a warning that “voices in Sarawak and Sabah calling for secession from the federation will increase in number and strength with the increasing realisation of the broken promises of the Malaysia agreement”.

Baru said rising resentment about the unfair treatment accorded to Sarawak by Putrajaya had already seen the emergence of voices such as the Sovereignty Movement, Sarawak for Sarawakians and Sarawak Association for Peoples Aspiration (SAPA) calling for secession.

“We are only seeing the start of such movements,” Baru said. –  September 19, 2014.

Five secessionist movements that could learn from Scotland

(CNN) -- "Do you agree that Scotland should be an independent country?"

This is the question the people of Scotland will be asked today as the country holds a referendum that could see an independent Scotland by 2016.

Engagement in Scotland is at record levels, with 97% of eligible Scots registered to vote.

But Scotland is not alone when it comes to seceding from larger political entities -- across the globe, independence movements agitate for separation. So what will the Scottish outcome -- either "Yes" or "No" to that all-important question -- mean for these independence hopefuls?

Then-leader of the separatist Parti Quebecois, Andre Boisclair boards his campaign bus after voting in 2007 as Quebec\'s voters decide on a new government. 

Then-leader of the separatist Parti Quebecois, Andre Boisclair boards his campaign bus after voting in 2007 as Quebec's voters decide on a new government.

QUEBEC
In 1995 Quebec held its second referendum in 15 years on a split from Canada, and while the 1980 vote had seen Quebecers reject sovereignty by a conclusive 58.2% to 41.8%, the later ballot was an altogether tighter race.

More than 93% of the province's registered voters turned out to have their say at the end of a sometimes bitter campaign, which ended with the separatist Parti Quebecois defeated by an agonizingly narrow margin of just over 1%, 50.6% to 49.4%.

Some blamed the clunky and confusingly-worded question for the loss. While Scots will this week be asked simply: "Should Scotland be an independent country?" back in 1995, voters in Quebec faced an altogether more challenging proposal:

"Do you agree that Quebec should become sovereign, after having made a formal offer to Canada for a new Economic and Political Partnership, within the scope of the Bill respecting the future of Quebec and of the agreements signed on June 12, 1995?"

After the 1980 poll, Premier Rene Levesque conceded bullishly with the words: "until next time!" but since the 1995 vote Quebec's appetite for independence appears to have shrunk: support for both the regional Parti Quebecois and the national Bloc Quebecois has waned.

But the Quebecers' distinctive identity is still going strong: festivals celebrate the province's history, blue-and-white fleur-de-lis flags fly over its towns and cities, and French is widely spoken.

In 2006, Canada's parliament voted to recognize Quebec as "a nation within a united Canada," and for the moment, at least, it seems Quebecers are happy with that.

 Catalonia's push for independence vote

CATALONIA
For the third year running, hundreds of thousands of people took to the streets of Barcelona on September 11, Catalan national day, demanding a vote on independence be held.

They and some of their political leaders want to hold a referendum on November 9, which the Spanish government staunchly opposes, and says is unconstitutional.

Madrid argues that Catalonia, which represents one fifth of Spain's economy, already has broad home-rule powers, including its own parliament, police force and control over education and health. And it insists that the Spanish Constitution does not allow any of Spain's 17 regions to unilaterally break away.

Last week, one of Catalonia's key political figures, Oriel Junqueras, leader of the Esquerra Republicana -- or Republican Left -- party, said if the government in Madrid were to block citizens' exercising their "fundamental right" to vote, there could be a need for civil disobedience.

Those in the crowd Barcelona earlier this month said that if Madrid blocked the referendum, people should still deposit their ballots.

"Many of the people we spoke to in the street have drawn immediate parallels to the Scottish referendum saying, 'the British government has agreed to let Scotland vote -- why isn't Spain letting Catalans vote?'," CNN's Al Goodman, who covered the protests, said.

A referendum is expected to ask a two-part question: "Should Catalonia be a state?" And those who vote yes to that can then go to vote on the second question: "Should that state be independent?"

Goodman says polls indicate that a majority of Catalans want to have a chance to vote but that less than a majority would vote for independence, given the chance.

But despite numbering in the hundreds of thousands, those calling for independence in Barcelona last week did not represent all the region's 7.5 million people.

A smaller gathering of several thousand took to the streets the same day in Catalonia's second largest city, Tarragona, calling for the region to remain a part of Spain.

One of those protesters told CNN: "The reason we want to remain a part of Spain, is because we are a part of Spain."

Flemish separatist leader, Bart De Wever is pictured during a press conference at the parliament in Brussels, on July 8,2010. 

Flemish separatist leader, Bart De Wever is pictured during a press conference at the parliament in Brussels, on July 8,2010.

BELGIUM
As a country with famously diverse provinces, and given its proximity, both geographically and culturally to Scotland, it could be seen that the Scottish vote this week would be an important test-bed for independence movements in the European nation.

But not necessarily, said Regis Dandoy, a political scientist and associate researcher at the University of Brussels (ULB) and the University of Louvain (UCL).

First off, Belgium has some bad experiences with referendums. In 1950, one pushed the country almost "to the brink of civil war" over the question of whether the king, who was accused of having Nazi sympathies, would be allowed to return from self-imposed exile in Switzerland.

And despite the much-publicized differences between the Belgian provinces, Dandoy says that within Flanders, the region most cited to break away, support for full independence hovers only at around 12-15%.
"Devolved powers over time are the reason why independence is not yet an issue in Flanders," he said. "We've had six state reforms since 1970 and in each of these we've given more power to the region. Nowadays Flanders is one of the most autonomous regions in Europe.

"As soon as the Flemish nationalist party becomes strong, well, then you have a reform that gives more autonomy."

It is a tactic that is being employed by the Unionists in Scotland -- as polls narrow, the UK's main political parties have all pledged further devolved powers to the Scottish parliament in an effort to head off the threat of secession.

And what of EU membership, an issue so close to so many Belgian hearts? Dandoy says that, despite the efforts of some parts of the media and the "No" campaign concerning Scotland's EU membership, Dandoy said the threat of Scotland's ejection from the body is a "fake argument."

"This is not an argument, this is what has been used by the people who want 'No' to win. There would be no problem for Scotland, Flanders, Catalonia to join the EU because they are democratic states, they respect all the rules, so there would probably not even be a process of application to the EU."

Scotland, Dandoy said, "should not be afraid of independence."

 Tensions in western China

CHINA
China has reason to be wary of secessionist movements, with voices from Tibet to Hong Kong -- not to mention the "renegade province" of Taiwan -- championing independence from Beijing.

With this in mind, the state-controlled Global Times recently took a scathing line on Scottish independence, stating that "if Scotland gains independence, the UK will descend from a first-class country to a second-rate one, which will once again break the balance within Europe. And its consequence may even wield influence upon international geopolitics."

The restive western province of Xinjiang, home to a sizable population of ethnic Uyghurs, has one of the most vocal independence movements.

Uyghurs accused of being separatists by the government have been making headlines lately amid a spate of violent incidents. Attacks in railway stations and other public places in the province and further afield have prompted Chinese authorities to launch a massive anti-terrorism campaign in Xinjiang, which ethnic Uyghur activists call East Turkestan.

Rebiya Kadeer, the president of the World Uyghur Congress told CNN that her cause does not even have the "rudimentary elements" of a road map to self-determination.

"We'd certainly like to see the implementation of the same model (as the Scottish referendum) in our homeland ... if there are parties in the British parliament that openly campaign for independence, this is something that is unimaginable in East Turkestan," she said, via a translator. "The day we raise our voice, the day we raise our concerns, we are killed.

"Freedom and to be free independent is the god-given right of every individual, every nation and people. Nothing is more precious that independence and liberty. Freedom and independence is the greatest happiness. From this point of view, I support the decision of the people of Scotland to conduct a referendum to determine their political future."

 Who are the Peshmerga?

KURDISTAN
The Kurdish people have long agitated for a homeland of their own, and paradoxically, it is now, when a united front is needed against ISIS, that the Kurds have their best chance of at least gaining significantly more autonomy in Northern Iraq.

After disbanding the government in Baghdad in the face of the looming crisis, lawmakers in July appointed Fouad Massoum, a highly-regarded Kurdish politician, to the role of president.

The Kurds have been divided and repressed since the end of the Ottoman empire, when the current international borders of the region were largely devised leaving Kurdistan, as proponents like to say, as the largest stateless nation in the world.

Kurds have suffered at the hands of Iraq's former dictator Saddam Hussein's regime, as well as by successive governments in Syria, Turkey and Iran and have endured much in their quest for their own state.

As a result, many from the ethnic group wish to see their own homeland, independent from the countries that split up their heartland at the beginning of the 20th century. Iraq wishes to maintain the integrity of the country -- any split could also see the southern Shiites agitate for a greater degree of independence, and the autonomous region provides a buffer from ISIS incursions.

Like Scotland, Kurdistan is rich in oil, another reason Iraq would be loath to countenance a split.

Syria and Turkey, too, have sizable Kurdish populations and would be loathe to see any move to give Iraqi Kurds greater independence.

Indeed, the idea of a split for Turkey's southern population is so far from a reality that an editorial on Turkey's Cihan news agency stated: "We don't even need to discuss the willingness of Ankara to recognize the outcome of a unilateral effort by the Kurds in southeastern Turkey to gain independence through a referendum."

Kurdish fighters have had some success in repelling ISIS and regaining footholds in previously-held extremist territories. It remains to be seen what value the new Iraqi government places on their defensive capabilities, and what leverage the Kurdish government can gain for their assistance in repelling ISIS forces.

HARUS vs AKAN ~ Sebuah Pertimbangan untuk Point 7: Hak Suksesi

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HARUS vs AKAN 
Sebuah Pertimbangan untuk Point 7: 
Hak SuksesiTitik 7: Hak Suksesi Seharusnya tidak ada hak untuk memisahkan diri dari Federasi.
====================== 

Kita harus mengambil pandangan yang positif dari "tidak berhak untuk memisahkan diri" inisiatif, yang bernilai mempertimbangkan penegasan meskipun di Titik 7 yang berbicara tentang hak-hak Sabahan dan Sarawak untuk memisahkan diri dari Federasi Malaysia Hal ini terjadi karena "menggunakan [oleh Titik 7] dari kata''harus '(sebagai lawan kata' wajib, 'misalnya) ternyata pilihan "TIDAK BERHAK untuk memisahkan diri" ke dalam rekomendasi belaka. " 

Anda lihat .. Dokumen diplomatik sering menuntut analisis linguistik dekat. Apakah itu berarti 7 Titik sesuatu yang lain, telah dikatakan bahwa "tidak akan ada hak untuk memisahkan diri dari Federasi."? 

Karena kata kerja bantu "harus" dan "tidak akan" memiliki semua tapi menghilang dari bahasa Inggris Amerika, di sebagian besar Inggris mereka masih umum digunakan. Fakta bahwa Perjanjian Poin 18/20 adalah Perjanjian yang berkaitan dengan Malaysia antara Inggris Raya dan Irlandia Utara, Federasi Malaya, Borneo Utara, Sarawak dan Singapura, itu penggunaan yang penting Inggris - dan ketika datang untuk itu, apa yang otoritas yang lebih besar yang kita miliki daripada saudara patut dihargai Fowler,

FG dan HW, yang "Bahasa Inggris Raja" (edisi pertama diterbitkan oleh Oxford University Press, 1906) menjabat generasi penutur bahasa Inggris bingung sebagai panduan dihormati. Inilah yang "Bahasa Inggris Raja" (tradisional dikenal sebagai "Fowler") telah mengatakan tentang "wajib," "seharusnya," "akan" dan "akan" dalam sebuah diskusi yang adalah 20 halaman . 

Sangat disayangkan bahwa penggunaan idiom [kata-kata ini], sementara itu datang oleh alam untuk selatan Inggris (yang akan menemukan sebagian dari bagian yang berlebihan), begitu rumit bahwa mereka yang tidak cara lahir tidak dapat memperolehnya; dan bagi mereka bahagian [ini] adalah dalam bahaya yang tidak berguna. Dalam permintaan maaf atas pernyataan panjang harus dikatakan bahwa arah yang singkat dan sederhana sering diberikan lebih buruk daripada tidak berguna. Pembaca yang peka akan segera kehilangan kepercayaan terhadap mereka ... dan yang tidak peduli serta tidak mengambil tahu mengenai perkara ini akan menjadi mangsa penipuan daripada jaminan keamanan yang palsu. .....  

Source: Doris Jones

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Dalam bahasa Malaysia untuk Perkara 7: Hak Pemisah ~ Menyatakan Tidak harus ada sebarang hak untuk berpisah daripada persekutuan, adalah membawa mak "Tidak harus ada sebarang hak untuk berpisah daripada persekutuan=TIDAK semestinya wajib. Sekiranya ia berbunyi "Tidak ada sebarang hak untuk berpisah daripada persekutuan=WAJIB" 

SABAH, S'WAK SECESSION: Really just a 'vocal minority' or is Putrajaya lying to itself?

It has been 51 years since the establishment of the Malaysian federation on 16th September 1963, which comprised the States of Malaya, North Borneo, Sarawak and Singapore.

At that time, the formation of Malaysia received several objections from neighboring countries of Indonesia and the Philippines that delayed the declaration, allowing the United Nations to conduct referendums in North Borneo (which was later renamed to Sabah) and Sarawak.

Although the road to East and West Malaysia’s unification has not been smooth or problem-free, we have achieved much in the last 50 years together while at the same time, much has been overlooked as well.

In 2010, it was announced that Hari Malaysia will be an official public holiday for all the states in Malaysia to celebrate the unique diversity, unity and harmony between all races, cultures and religions that is Malaysia.

Doris Jones, the activists behind the 'Sabah Sarawak Keluar Malaysia' group.

However, not everyone is happy with the federation. Recently, there have been calls for Sabah and Sarawak to secede from the federation. However, this seems like a self-defeating move as any political novice can clearly see in the original ’20 Point Agreement that neither state can secede once they are party to the agreement.

So, why all the noise about secession? And why now? Is it an opinion held by a small minority or is the undercurrent of dissatisfaction much deeper and widespread? Even if it is an opinion held by a very small group of people, if left unchecked and the problems they are facing left unsolved, then can it can grow and gain enough support to become a credible threat in the next general election?

Among the parties involved include a group called Sabah Sarawak Keluar Malaysia (SSKM) by a little-known UK based Sabahan political activist, Doris Jones who stated in an online news report that her activities is an education campaign to raise awareness.

Early this September, a report surfaced in The Star about her controversial activities on secession and campaigns via social media which has been around since 2011 and has even caught the attention of the authorities to investigate the group that includes over 25,000 “likes” of state cabinet minister, opposition leaders, policemen and media affiliates.

Prof James Chin and Andrew Harding, author of “50 Years of Malaysia: Federalism Revisited”, they refocus the discussion on human rights issues and political dilemmas faced by the peoples of Sabah and Sarawak.

Do the secessionists have valid reasons?

In the SSKM’s official blog site, http://www.sabahsarawakmerdeka.blogspot.com, they claimed that during the formation of Malaysia in 1963 was the beginning of political slavery for both Sabah and Sarawak, in which they were taken for granted and only get the attention of the federal government during election time.

The group also emphasizes on how their palm oil and rubber resources should have contributed to both states’ massive development during the escalation of the commodity prices but they were left out.

Prof James Chin, a political science professor from Monash University believes that the movement to secede is real but disguises itself because secession is treason under Malaysian law.

In his book co-editored with Andrew J. Harding, “50 Years of Malaysia: Federalism Revisited”, they refocus the discussion on human rights issues and political dilemmas faced by the peoples of Sabah and Sarawak.

Among the core issues that Chin attributes to leading to the current build-up of tension between the federal government and Sabah and Sarawak are the ’20 Points Agreement’, the status of Sabah and Sarawak in the federation, the manufactured consent towards the formation of Malaysia, the intervention of federal in state politics and the ‘Ketuanan Melayu’ and ‘Ketuanan Islam’ issues.

According to the book, Professor Chin’s wrote in his chapter on ‘Federal-East Malaysia Relations: Primus Inter Pares” that both states suffer from under-development, that what should be ‘Borneonisation’ as been replaced with ‘Malayanisation’, where native people are perceived to be treated as second-class bumiputera and non-Muslim bumiputera feel that they have been discriminated and the resources that they have are being exploited to benefit the Muslim bumiputera. Incidentally, Primus Inter-Pares means ‘a first among equals’ in latin.

The SSKM group is now been subject to a police probe in which Sabah’s Police Commissioner Datuk Jalaluddin Abdul Rahma

What has been the federal government’s response so far?

The activities of the SSKM group has already been subject to a police probe in which Sabah’s Police Commissioner Datuk Jalaluddin Abdul Rahman told The Malay Mail in early September that the investigations is ongoing under Section 4 of the Sedition Act.

The inaccurate information from the SSKM blog has allegedly influenced Sabah’s rural people that can lead to racial disharmony. A special task force has been set up to trace the mastermind behind the Facebook page as well as other unregistered pro-secessionists groups in the social media.

Sabah Chief Minister Datuk Seri Musa Aman told Bernama that the federal government had made it known that both states are important in the federation where billions of ringgit were channeled yearly for the benefit of the people.

Home Minister Datuk Seri Ahmad Zahid Hamidi is also taking this matter seriously by giving warning of stern actions for those who incite the states’ secession.  He also vowed that the government will defend the sovereignty and safety of Sabah by enhancing the security forces in the East Coast.

However, the federal government is also not ignoring the causes that have led to these separatists movements. Even for Sarawakian, Datuk Dr. Wan Junaidi Tuanku Jaafar, the Deputy Home Minister called on federal ministers and officials to stop paying lip service and take the issue seriously.

“Ministers and elected representatives in Sarawak and Sabah must continue to fight for more development to fulfill the dreams and aspirations of their forefathers without the fear of losing their position and status in their respective states” he told The Borneo Post.

The Santubong Member of Parliament thinks that these separatist movements do not have the popular support of the people and will only ended up in disarray and East Malaysians should stick with bigger federation amd work out their differences rather than break-up into small, independent entities. He cited Doris Day, the SSKM activist as a disgruntled politician.

Dr. Jeniri Amir from Universiti Malaysia Sarawak said that this kind of behavior should not be condoned and emphasized that actions should be taken

Are there other hidden agendas by these separatist movements?

Senior Lecturer Dr. Jeniri Amir from Universiti Malaysia Sarawak (Unimas) relates this issue to the increasing dependence on East Malaysia by Barisan Nasional (BN) especially after the 2008 and 2013 general election in which both states contributed a lot to the success of BN.

“The increase in votes from East Malaysia is due to the fact that the people believe that BN can deliver, they do not have that kind of trust with opposition parties. To them government is equal, an opposition is always an opposition,” he said.

As the federal government had enjoyed majority support from East Malaysians during the last two elections, there is a possibility that those who are against federal rule are bringing up the secession issue by causing discontent as they are unable to sway the majority support for the federal government in a general election.

“The importance of 16th September was also a cause of discontent for these activists to voice out their opinion as it has not been given due importance due by the federal government,”

“It was only after Najib took over the government that Hari Malaysia was announced as an official national day to commerate the formation of the federation,” he added.

Jeniri said that it is not the right thing to focus on the secession of Sabah and Sarawak from Malaysia. “We accept the fact that for the last 51 years, Sabah and Sarawak have achieved a lot in terms of development. Even though there are still weaknesses, they should give it time to slowly develop,”

“Most of them are not satisfied with certain parts in the 20 points agreement as it has not been fulfilled by the government. These people need to understand that there should be no right to secede from the federation as stated in point number 7,” Jeniri said.

As the Scotland referendum is currently taking place to decide its independence from UK, Malaysian Digest brought up the question of whether East Malaysia will ever face such a decision? Jeniri said this kind of behavior should not be condoned and emphasized that actions should be taken or more importantly effort to provide explanations to the people to instill a strong understanding on historical facts.

“I don’t think that it’s ever going to happen [secession of East Malaysia] in the near future, but we don’t know what will happen in the next 200 or 300 years,” said the political expert.

In Scotland case, among the implications could be a negative impact on its economy, national debt and value of its currency. As, for Sabah and Sarawak, the moment Sabah is out from Malaysia, it will be claimed by Philippines, who has been defending their rights on the state.

Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak said that problems arising on this matter can be “negotiated in the family spirit”.

When asked about how this separatist movement will affect the next election Jeniri said; “It will be a plus minus, 1 or 2 seats difference but there won’t be much changes,”

“Bottom line here is that the federal government needs to address the underlying problems and weaknesses that are going on. Don’t take it for granted, otherwise it will become more complicated,” he said.

As Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak said during his public address at the 51st Malaysia Day celebrations in Dataran Kipas, Miri, "we will not be going back and are going to defend the sovereignty of Sabah and Sarawak in Malaysia,” and that problems arising can be “negotiated in the family spirit”. -mD

 
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