Thursday, 22 January 2015

"Konsep Persekutuan Malaysia Yang Asal Dan Yang Diubah Berserta Nota Pindahan Akta Yang Telah Dilakukan"

Konsep Asal / Original Persekutuan Malaysia
Konsep Asal Persekutuan Malaysia ini telah diubah selepas Negara Singapura berpisah ataupun keluar daripada Persekutuan ini pada 8 Ogos 1965 dan diumumkan secara rasmi oleh Kerajaan Persekutuan Malaysia pada 9 Ogos 1965.

Status "Negara" Sabah dan Sarawak telah diturunkan menjadi "negeri" pada 28/7/1976 sebulan selepas Tragedi Double Six yang telah meragut Pemimpin-Pemimpin Nasionalis Negara Sabah yang diketuai oleh Tun Donald Stephens / Tun Fuad Stephens

Konsep Persekutuan Malaysia yang telah diubah pada 28/7/1976
Dibawah ini adalah nota tentang pindaan yang telah dilakukan dalam pengertian "Federation / Persekutuan".

The Original Federation

The Amended Federation
Art. 1:

The original Article as it stood on Merdeka Day read as follows:

"1. (1) The Federation shall be known by the name of Persekutuan Tanah Melayu (in English the Federation of Malaya).

(2) The States of the Federation are Johore, Kedah, Kelantan, Negeri Sembilan, Pahang, Perak, Perlis, Selangor and Terengganu (formerly known as the Malay States) and Malacca and Penang (formerly known as the Settlements of Malacca and Penang).

(3) The territories of each of the States mentioned in Clause (2) are the territories of that States immediately before Merdeka Day.".


Art. 1(2):

1. The present Article without Clause (4) was inserted by Act 26/1963, section 4, in force from 16-09-1963 (i.e. when Malaysia was established). Act 59/1966 section 2, in force from 09-08- 1 9 6 5 (i.e. the date Singapore left Malaysia) amended Clause (2) by deleting therefrom paragraph (c) which read as follows:

"(c) the State of Singapore.".

2. The present Clause (2) was substituted by Act A354, section 2, in force from 27-08-1976.This clause before its substitution by Act A354 was amended by Act 26/1963, section 4, in force from 16-09-1963 (i.e. when Malaysia was established) read as follows:

"(2) The States of the Federation shall be—

(a) the States of Malaya, namely, Johore, Kedah, Kelantan, Malacca, Negeri Sembilan, Pahang, Penang, Perak, Perlis, Selangor and Terengganu;

(b) the Borneo States, namely, Sabah and Sarawak; and

(c) the State of Singapore.".

Art. 1(3):

The words "Subject to Clause (4),"were inserted before the words "The territories of each of the State" by Act A206, Schedule, in force from 01-02-1974. 

Art. 1(4):

1. The original Clause which was added by Act A206, Schedule, in force from 01-02-1974 (i.e. the date of the establishment of the Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur) read as follows:

"(4) The territory of the State of Selangor shall exclude the Federal Territory established under the Constitution (Amendment) (No. 2) Act, 1973.".

2. Subsequently this Clause was amended by Act A566. Subsection 2(1), in force from 01-02-1974, by inserting after the figures "1973" the words, "and the Federal Territory shall be a territory of the Federation.".

Subsection 2(2) of Act A566 also provided w.e.f. 01-02-1974 that—

"Any reference in the Constitution and other written law to the Federation, Malaya, Malaysia, the States of the Federation, the States of Malaya, or West Malaysia, however used, whether or not used in conjunction with or as part of another expression, shall be construed to include a reference to the Federal Territory, unless there is express provision to the contrary or there is something in the subject or context inconsistent with or repugnant to such construction.".

3. The above Clause was substituted by Act A585, section 11, in force from 16-04-1984.

4. This Clause was again substituted by Act A1095, section 11, in force from 01-02-2001.

***  Negara Singapura BUKAN DIKELUARKAN daripada persekutuan malaysia tetapi TELAH MENINGGALKAN (9-8-1965 was the date Singapore left malaysia) persekutuan malaysia. Persekutuan Malaysia ini juga TIDAK PERNAH MERDEKA TETAPI DIBENTUK PADA 16 September 1963. 31 Ogos 1957 adalah Hari Kemerdekaan Persekutuan Tanah Melayu (Malaya) ***
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