Queen Victoria granted a Charter of Incorporation to the British North Borneo Company, which by confirming the grants and concessions acquired from the Sultans of Brunei and Sulu, constitutes the Company the sovereign ruler over a territory of 31,000 square miles, and, as the permission to trade, included in the Charter, has not been taken advantage of, the British North Borneo Company now does actually exist "as a Territorial Power" and not "as a Trading Company.
These two political entities share a lot in common due to their historical past. They have both known one another since the 18th century. Notably, both countries had a British colonial background that has been founded by private explorers from England. Nonetheless, they experienced different fates from the start of the 20th century. "
Most of Borneo is still inaccessible by modern means of communication. The island includes some of the wildest and most difficult country in Southeast Asia.
All this meant that the Government of the country was in the hands of the Japanese and if they wanted anything from the local people they could take it.
Chester had been a rubber planter on the west coast of Sabah and knew the country well.
There is a memorial garden now built on this spot and every year on the anniversary of the executions there is a religious service to honour the memory of these men who died for their country.
Albert Kwok was a hero who fought bravely for his country and gave his life so that others could live in liberty and peace
Although Goode reported at the end of 1960 that there were no political parties and the country's claim 'to have no politics' was still broadly true, he noted that this was unlikely to last much longer in the light of outside influences and growing pressure for closer association with neighbouring countries.
In Tory's opinion, this tension plus the country's poverty could only delay progress towards self-government.
After the commissioners departed, Goode elaborated his ideas: he accepted Malaysia - even advocating that it should be inaugurated while the iron was hot -but he insisted that, before sovereignty was transferred to Kuala Lumpur, there should be a prolonged transitional period during which expatriate officials would administer the country.
I suggested that we must now begin to think of the political structures that go to the building of a nation and in that phrase I included the relations of the several communities within North Borneo, each with the others, the association and identification of all the people of the country with its government, and the relations of this country and government with others external to it - particularly with its near neighbours, Brunei and Sarawak.
It is a subject on which I have pondered for years and there remains no question in my mind that it is to the long term advantage of the peoples of all three countries that they should join together to become as nearly as possible one country as their many differences may permit"
I shall go, regretfully, perhaps long before this dramatic adventure is embarked on; it is you who will live in the federated country if it is brought about and it is your opinion that, at any rate as far as North Borneo is concerned, must be decisive.
I have many times expressed the hope that North Borneo, which I am quite sure will ultimately emerge as a strong country, would evolve in accordance with its own genius
- The Montevideo Convention
- Constitutive Theory of statehood
- Declarative theory of statehood